Human Teeth Growth Cycle


By: Newman Family

How do teeth grow in humans? The first teeth that will grow in a person’s mouth are known as deciduous teeth among dental practitioners, but are more commonly known as baby teeth.

A human will grow 20 deciduous teeth, but these teeth are not permanent.

After humans grow a bit older after the growth of their deciduous teeth, their teeth will start to fall out to make room for the next set of teeth.

This second set of teeth that grows in are a person’s permanent teeth, and if they are taken care of, they will last the rest of their lives.

When a person grows in their permanent teeth, they will have 32 teeth instead of only 20. Most of these teeth will grow in the back of the mouth.

Types of Teeth That Humans Grow

As you may have noticed at some point, all of your teeth are not the same shape or size. This is because humans develop many types of teeth as they grow in.

A person’s teeth is classified as incisors, canines, premolars, and molars.

Molars will be the last teeth to grow in, ending with your wisdom teeth, which many people have pulled out due to the problems that this specific set of teeth can cause.


Dental anatomy is the study of tooth culture, which includes the tooth itself and how it grows in. This study is used to determine many practices that are used in every dental office across the country.

Without this study, it would be difficult for dental procedures to be performed because dentist and oral surgeons would not have the required knowledge needed to perform common task associated with their jobs.

Knowing exactly how teeth grow in humans is not knowledge that only dentists need, as it can help parents who have children that are just developing their teeth as well.

Humans grow two sets of teeth throughout their lifetime, so while it is still important for a young child to brush their teeth, it is even more important for them to routinely brush their teeth as they get older.

If you continue to take care of your teeth properly after the second set of teeth–the permanent teeth–grows in, your teeth should last the rest of your life.

If you are an adult that still has baby teeth or you suspect that your child’s teeth are not developing/growing as they should normally, give us a call today: 713 572 5005. Make your appointment on Dental Endo, doctors qualifications and combined experience assures quality treatment for every patient.

​Treatment of sialoadenitis



Sialoadenitis is an inflammation process of salivary glands that causes formation of calculi in salivary glands. There is a variety of manifestations of sialoadenitis: salivolithiasis, calculous sialoadenitis, sialolithiasis. The disease can cause obstruction of the gland that, consequently, will lead to inflammation and intermitting swelling of the gland accompanied by severe pains. These pains are caused by calculi that weight upon the salivary glands. Calculi are usually located in mandibular glands.

Sialoadenitis is usually caused by the following factors: operative interventions (usually those of abdominal cavity organs), infectious diseases, and stagnant secretion in salivary glands. Sialoadenitis appears in 2 forms: chronic and acute. They have a bit different manifestations.

Acute sialoadenitis:

These are the symptoms of sialoadenitis: edema, infiltration followed by purulent melting and necrosis of salivary glands. It is worth mentioning that necrosis leaves scars.

However, even acute sialoadenitis does not always cause necrosis аnd suppuration. The disease is usually arrested at earlier stages of its development. Symptoms of acute sialoadenitis include: pain in the salivary gland, its extension. In some cases sialoadenitis causes fever and problems with overall health. At early stages of disease salivary gland is soft and causes constant pain. If you leave the disease without proper treatment, a dense infiltrate is formed in the salivary gland. Soon this infiltrate will cause purulent melting. Then fluctuation will appear above the affected region. As you see, proper treatment is essential in this case. Without it one`s overall healthy can be severely damaged. Chronic sialoadenitis is usually an independent disease though sometimes it is a result of acute sialoadenitis. It is worth mentioning that chronic sialoadenitis is usually accompanied by systemic lupus erythematosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and so on.

How to treat sialoadenitis?

Sialoadenitis is treated with the help of medicines antibiotics (erythromycin) and analgetics. It is important to know that complicated cases of sialoadenitis are treated with the help of operative intervention surgically. This method can be applied in treatment of sialoadenitis when no calculi are formed in salivary glands (calculous sialoadenitis).

If the calculus is located near the external opening of the salivary duct, it is removed through the mouth cavity. If the calculus is located deep inside the salivary duct, it is removed through a lateral incision. If a patient has multiple calculi or painful feelings are growing stronger, it is recommended to remove the salivary gland completely. Only such matters will be effective.

For a timely diagnosis, visit your dentist frequently. Contact us for an appointment with our specialists at Dental Endo

Some Answers About Oral Health on Pregnancy


By: Colgate, Oral Care Center

Growing evidence suggests a link between gum disease and premature, underweight births. Pregnant women who have gum disease may be more likely to have a baby that is born too early and too small.

More research is needed to confirm how gum disease affects pregnancy outcomes. But it appears that gum disease triggers increased levels of biological fluids that induce labor. Data also suggests that when gum disease worsens during pregnancy, there's a higher risk of having a premature baby.

What Can I Do to Ensure I Have a Healthy Pregnancy?

The best advice to women considering pregnancy is to visit their dentist for a checkup and to treat any oral problems before becoming pregnant.

During your pregnancy, your teeth and gums need special attention. Regular brushing and flossing, eating a balanced diet and visiting your dentist regularly will help reduce dental problems that accompany pregnancy.

What Oral Problems Might Develop During My Pregnancy?

Studies show that many pregnant women experience pregnancy gingivitis — when dental plaque builds up on the teeth and irritates the gums. Symptoms include red, inflamed and bleeding gums.

Pregnancy gingivitis occurs more frequently during pregnancy because the increased level of hormones exaggerates the way gums react to the irritants in plaque. However, it's still plaque — not hormones — that is the major cause of gingivitis.

Keeping your teeth clean, especially near the gumline, will help dramatically reduce or even prevent gingivitis during your pregnancy. And substituting sweets with more wholesome foods such as cheese, fresh fruits or vegetables is better for your teeth.

What Can I Expect When I Visit My Dentist During My Pregnancy?

First, be sure to let your dentist know you're pregnant when you schedule your appointment. It's best to schedule your dental visit during the fourth to sixth month of your pregnancy. This is because the first three months of pregnancy are thought to be of greatest importance in your child's development. During the last trimester, stresses associated with dental visits can increase the incidence of prenatal complications.

Typically, X-rays, dental anesthetics, pain medications and antibiotics (especially tetracycline) are not prescribed during the first trimester, unless it's absolutely necessary. During the last three months of pregnancy, sitting for long periods of time in the dental chair can become uncomfortable. And there is evidence that pregnant women can be more prone to gagging. Your dentist, however, is prepared for this situation.

If you need to schedule an emergency visit, let the office know about your pregnancy before you arrive. Discuss any stresses, past miscarriages and drugs you are taking as these can all have an influence on how your dentist attends your needs. Your dentist may also want to consult with your physician before any treatment is started.

If you have any doubts or concerns, insist that your dentist and physician discuss your particular needs. If your dentist prescribes medication, do not exceed the prescribed dosage. This includes aspirin.

Planning to get pregnant? Visit your trusted dentist in Dental Endo for valuation.

Discolored Teeth: Five Foods That Cause Stains


By Margie Monin Dombrowski

Proper oral hygiene is of course indispensable for maintaining a bright smile, but there is one other important bit of advice: Watch what you eat and drink. Certain foods and beverages can discolor teeth. If you want to protect your pearly whites, read on for some common culprits that stain your teeth.

Pasta Sauce

Because of their acidity, bright red hue and tendency to cling to the teeth, the tomatoes in pasta sauce can leave your teeth vulnerable to staining. Dine on some dark green veggies, such as broccoli, kale and spinach, beforehand to create a protective film over the teeth. The film will ward off tomatoes' staining effect, so spring for a green salad as an appetizer.


Curry, a spice that works well in Indian food and exotic dishes, is also a cause of discolored teeth. Its deep pigmentation can yellow teeth over time. Due to its high staining factor, curry is something you may want to limit in your diet. Whenever you dine on curry-spiced food, mix in fresh fruits and vegetables that prevent stains, such as apples, carrots, cauliflower and celery.

Balsamic Vinegar

Balsamic vinegar is a healthy salad dressing, but it can also darken your teeth. The reason? Its dark natural color, of course. It also sticks to your teeth, which can lead to staining if it's not quickly brushed away. You don't have to give up on this light salad dressing. Whenever you have a salad with balsamic vinegar, be sure to include a crunchy lettuce; chewing the lettuce will help clean the staining balsamic vinegar from your teeth as you eat.


Berries provide health benefits, such as antioxidants, but they also have the potential to stain your teeth. The deep hue in blueberries, cranberries, raspberries and blackberries in particular can cause staining, regardless of whether they are eaten whole, drunk as juice or processed as jelly and jam. Don't let them linger in your mouth for too long, and drink water to combat their staining effect. Finish with a glass of milk or a serving of hard cheese, both of which neutralize acid and strengthen teeth.


A number of different drinks, including coffee, tea, sodas, sports drinks and wine, can cause stains due to their acidity. Teas of all colors, even white tea, have been shown to stain teeth and erode enamel. Sports drinks also damage tooth enamel and discolor teeth. Both light and dark sodas, because of their acidity, also cause discoloration and even encourage further staining from foods. Not only can red wine stain teeth; white wine can as well. Believe it or not, white wine is more acidic than red, which may cause more damage and discoloration to the teeth. Limiting your intake of all of these beverages will benefit both your oral and overall health.

Keep Smiling Bright

A healthy diet and a change of habits can prevent tooth stains and preserve your pristine smile. Enjoy your favorite foods, but use caution. Moderation is key when it comes to foods and drinks that discolor your teeth. If you choose water over other beverages, and if you make sure to

rinse your mouth with water and brush your teeth within a half hour of eating, you can significantly improve your smile. Stay on top of your brushing and flossing, too. Flossing helps remove the pesky plaque that builds up between teeth and the gum line and attracts stains. Brushing removes food particles before they have the chance to cause a stain.

Inquire with your dentist about available professional tooth whitening options. Make your appointment at Dental Endo

Gummy smile


By Dr. Vincent Kokich

The appeal of a smile has to do with both aesthetics and perception. When people seek cosmetic dental treatment because they are unhappy with their smiles, chances are they have a legitimate problem. Some individuals' feel they show too much gum tissue or their gums are too prominent when they smile. Either their teeth appear too small, or so much gum tissue shows that the teeth are not making an impact. And a gummy smile can make a person feel self-conscious.

So what is the definition of a gummy smile? That's a matter of perception, and therefore will vary from person to person. But it has been shown that a smile will usually be perceived as gummy when four millimeters — a tad more than an eighth of an inch — of gum tissue shows.

So what is the definition of a gummy smile? That's a matter of perception, and therefore will vary from person to person. But it has been shown that a smile will usually be perceived as gummy when four millimeters — a tad more than an eighth of an inch — of gum tissue shows.

Gummy smile before and after

Smiles look “gummy” when the proportions of the teeth, gum tissues, and the upper jaw are not in harmony with each other.

Many people are not aware that there are options for correcting or altering the appearance of an excessively gummy smile. If a gummy smile impacts a person's enjoyment of life, comfort, and well-being, it could just be time to do something about it. And a lot can be done. First, your dentist will need to determine exactly why your smile looks gummy because understanding the cause always directs us towards the best solution.

The Issue Is Not Just Gum Tissue

Gummy smiles look, well, gummy, when the proportions of the teeth, gum tissues, and the upper jaw are not in harmony with each other. The position of the upper lip also plays a role. Gumminess in your smile, then, is a combination of:

  • The amount of gum tissue display
  • The size and shape of the teeth
  • The length and the degree of movement of the upper lip
  • The vertical position of the upper jaw and teeth in relationship to the skull

The Tooth and Gum Tissue “Complex”

At the heart of the matter is the proportionality of the teeth to the gum tissues. Tooth eruption is an active process by which the teeth move through the gums and supporting bone to become visible in the mouth. It usually ceases in adulthood when growth is completed and when the permanent (adult) teeth meet their antagonists (upper teeth meet the lowers in the opposing jaw).

But the process doesn't stop there; the gum and bone tissues shrink back and stabilize typically somewhere in the late teens in girls and early 20's in boys. Ideal crown length (the visible part of the tooth above the gum line) is approximately 10 mm; this is considered normal. The ratio of crown width to length is about 75-85%, which is also what is viewed as normal.

Natural variations in the eruption process can give rise to discrepancies in the normal proportions and relationships of teeth to gum tissues, which can result in shorter than normal teeth and gumminess of the smile.

  • Before periodontal plastic surgery.
  • When the upper teeth appear too short, periodontal plastic surgery to remove excess tissue and lengthen teeth can correct a gummy smile.
  • After periodontal plastic surgery.
  • After periodontal crown lengthening and porcelain veneers, a beautiful smile is achieved.

Gumminess caused by excess gum tissue that obscures the crowns of the teeth is correctable with a periodontal plastic surgery (“peri” – around; “odont” – tooth) technique called “crown lengthening.” During this procedure, the excess gum tissues and underlying bone are reshaped to expose the full length of teeth.

Excessive tooth wear can also cause changes in the gum-to-tooth ratio. With wear, teeth become incrementally shorter. This can cause what is known as compensatory eruption, in which the teeth actually erupt (move toward the opposing teeth) very slowly to compensate for the wear; it's your body's way of maintaining a properly functioning bite with shorter teeth. In effect, this increases the gumminess of the smile because the gums, which are attached to the teeth, move with them as they erupt. It is ideally correctable with orthodontic treatment to push the affected teeth back up into correct position. This is followed by restoring the lost tooth structure with bonding or porcelain restorations.